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How pregnancy can affect your heart health?

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The love you feel after the birth of your child may make you feel as if your heart has doubled in size. During pregnancy, your heart’s workload nearly doubles. You’ve heard the phrase, “You’re eating for two,” and it’s a common one. It’s like your heart is working for two people at once.

While the majority of women’s hearts are capable of handling this additional work, others, particularly those with heart disease or at risk of developing heart disease, may experience complications.

Pregnancy causes your heart to pump more blood to you and your baby than normal. Having a baby can bring up heart health issues that were present before you became pregnant. High blood pressure, diabetes, and preeclampsia can all arise as a result of stress during pregnancy These problems can occur during pregnancy, labour, and delivery, and even after the birth of your child.

Pregnancy alters the heart and blood vessels

During pregnancy, the heart and blood vessels undergo significant changes. These changes place additional strain on a woman’s body and make the heart work harder. During pregnancy, the following changes are to be expected. They assist in ensuring that your infant receives an adequate supply of oxygen and nutrition.

  • Intensification of blood flow.  In the first trimester, the body’s blood volume rises by 40 to 50 per cent and remains high throughout the entire pregnancy.
  • Cardiovascular output is boosted. Each minute, the heart pumps out a certain amount of blood. Pregnant women’s blood volume increases by 30 to 40 per cent, resulting in a 30 to 40 per cent increase in output.
  • Intensification of the heartbeat. During pregnancy, the heart rate is expected to rise by 10 to 15 beats per minute.
  • Blood pressure drops. The drop in blood flow to the uterus may be due to hormonal changes and increased blood flow in the uterus. There are no symptoms and no need for treatment in the majority of cases. During your prenatal appointments, your healthcare provider will check your blood pressure and let you know if any changes need further investigation.

Pregnancy-related cardiovascular conditions

Peripartum cardiomyopathy

Peripartum cardiomyopathy is an extremely rare condition. It occurs during the final month of pregnancy or within five months of delivery when heart failure develops. Until now, the exact cause of peripartum cardiomyopathy is a mystery. Peripartum cardiomyopathy is characterized by heart failure symptoms in women. The heart usually returns to its pre-pregnancy size and function after the delivery of the baby. Even after treatment, some women continue to experience symptoms of poor left ventricular function and left ventricular dysfunction. After giving birth, peripartum cardiomyopathy increases the risk of complications during future pregnancies.

Hypertension (high blood pressure)

Toxaemia or preeclampsia are all terms used to describe this type of hypertension caused by pregnancy. Swelling due to fluid retention, high blood pressure, and protein in the urine are all symptoms of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). Hypertension brought on by pregnancy can be harmful to both the mother and the unborn child.

Myocardial infarction

Myocardial infarction is a very rare but potentially fatal complication that can occur during pregnancy or in the first few weeks following delivery. There is a slew of potential triggers for a heart attack. Patients who have coronary artery disease are at risk of suffering a myocardial infarction if the plaque inside their arteries ruptures. This is an increasingly common occurrence, as more and more women put off having children until later in life. Blood clots in coronary vessels due to pregnancy increase the risk of heart attacks, and coronary dissection can also cause a heart attack. Getting immediate medical attention is crucial if you are having a heart attack. Your treatment will be geared toward ensuring your long-term well-being.

Heart Murmur

When blood volume increases during pregnancy, a heart murmur may occur. The murmur is usually harmless. A heart valve may be malfunctioning, but this is extremely rare. The cause of the murmur can only be determined by your doctor.

Pregnancy and arrhythmias

Arrhythmias (abnormal heartbeats) are common during pregnancy. Pregnancy may be the first time in a woman’s life that she experiences an arrhythmia or heart problem. If you experience an arrhythmia while pregnant, it could be a sign that you have a heart condition you weren’t aware of. In most cases, arrhythmias are not life-threatening and do not need to be treated at all. The type of arrhythmia you have and its cause may be determined by tests ordered by your doctor.

Precautions

Take these steps if you are pregnant or are planning to get pregnant to keep your heart healthy:

  • Know your BMI, blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels before you start any exercise program.
  • Consult your doctor about the risk factors and how they may impact your current pregnancy, including future pregnancies. Pregnant women should inform their doctors of any medications they are taking and attend all of their medical appointments.
  • Develop heart-healthy habits while you’re not pregnant to ensure a healthy delivery. To stay in good physical and mental health it is essential to follow a balanced diet and engage in regular physical exercise. It is also essential to get adequate sleep and to stop smoking if you do.
  • Pregnant women should be on the lookout for early warning signs of a problem. Symptoms such as a worsening headache, excessive fatigue, dizziness, trouble breathing, chest or belly pain, swelling, or nausea may indicate a heart condition during or after pregnancy. Call your doctor or go to the hospital immediately if you suspect something is wrong.
Consider medications

When you’re pregnant, the medications you take can have an impact on your child. However, in many cases, the advantages outweigh the drawbacks. If you have a heart condition that requires medication, your doctor will prescribe the safest and most appropriate dosage for you. Don’t get heart medication online without consulting your doctor.

Make sure you follow the doctor’s instructions exactly. Continue taking the medication as prescribed and do not adjust the dose by yourself.

Taking care of your heart after delivery

After your child is born, heart and blood vessel problems that occur during pregnancy can have an impact on your heart health for years or even decades. There is an increased risk of long-term heart and blood vessel problems for women who have gestational diabetes or any of the pregnancy-related hypertension disorders, such as gestational high blood pressure or preeclampsia.

Working with your doctor is extremely crucial in the first year after giving birth. Pregnancy-related health issues can persist for up to a year after the birth of a child. You can also get lifelong heart-healthy habits advice from your doctor.

Obstetrical care and pregnancy-related concerns

A baby born to a mother or father with a heart defect has an increased risk of developing a heart condition. You may be referred to a geneticist for further diagnosis by your cardiologist. Fetal echocardiograms may be recommended to check the baby’s heart for any defects. At the end of the 18th week of pregnancy, this test is typically performed.

After a congenital heart defect has been diagnosed, you should see a heart doctor before getting pregnant. Your cardiologist can educate you on the potential dangers of pregnancy and collaborate with the rest of your medical team to keep a close eye on your well-being and the well-being of your unborn child.

About Post Author

john natish

Hi! I am John natish. I am a content writer and SEO expert. I love to write and share my content with my audience.
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john natishhttp://bficoin.io
Hi! I am John natish. I am a content writer and SEO expert. I love to write and share my content with my audience.

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