What is Medium Density Fiberboards (MDF)?

Medium-density fiberboard (MDF) is a man-made design wood item made by separating hardwood or softwood residuals into wood strands, frequently in a defibrillator, joining it with wax and a resin binder, and framing it into boards by applying high temperature and pressure. Also, MDF board cut to size is by and large denser than plywood. It is comprising of isolated filaments yet can be utilize as a building material comparable in application to plywood.

Origin of cut-to-size MDF

In 1925, William Mason, an inventor, and friend of Thomas Edison made it his mission to find a use for the massive amount of leftover wood chips and shavings that lumber mills cast off. But when he forgot to shut down his machine one evening, his machinery continued working, turning the wood chips into a thin, durable sheet.

He ended up licensing his technique for compressed fiberboard, or hardboard, which applied pressure and heat to wood particles and gum, coming about in a flimsy, however exceptionally sturdy, sheet of wood.

So, makers have advanced Artisan techniques for almost 100 years now to make this practical, solid, and flexible item. Large-scale manufacturing of cut-size MDF as far as we might be concerned today began during the 1980s, and we keep on tracking down ways of utilizing these boards to make a wide range of plans today.

Cut to size MDF used for?

MDF board is one of the most flexible construction materials available, utilized in different categories of construction. Also, it is utilized to make a wide range of furniture for the home in a wide range of thicknesses; it’s lightweight and can be painted as well. There are some uses for cut-to-size MDF sheets.

  • Closets
  • Entryways
  • Media Units
  • Bunk beds
  • Kitchen Cupboards
  • Racking Units
  • Wall paneling

Types of cut-to-size MDF

The followings are the primary types of cut-to-size MDF board:

  • Ultra-light MDF plate (ULDF)
  • Typically green cut to size MDF those are moisture resistant
  • Typically red or blue cut to size MDF which is fire retardant

Properties of MDF

In the past, the undefine substance was wheat for MDF in completely prepare pilot plants. For the assembling of more excellent MDF binders are utilized. Also, synthetic substances like Urea melamine formaldehyde, Urea melamine formaldehyde cement combination are utilized as a binder. While different quality MDF creation requiring various amounts of resin and various characteristics of wheat straw, delivered MDF was called Straw Medium density fiberboards (SMDF).

The properties investigated of cut-to-size MDF are

  • Internal bond strength
  • Modulus of rupture
  • Modulus of elasticity
  • Thickness
  • elasticity
  • Water absorption
  • Swelling

The benefits of using cut-to-size MDF

 Manufacturers and mortgage holders love utilizing MDF because of its durability and cost-effectiveness. MDF board cut to size is also use in different applications, from doors to kitchen cabinets, cupboards, embellishment, and trim.

It offers extraordinary solidness, in any event, when there are huge changes in temperature or stickiness. Also, MDF is notable for its sans-void surface, and it functions admirably with facade faces or paint applications.

Advantages of cut-to-size MDF


MDF’s center fixing is sawdust and little chippings of different lumber. These undeniably gather side-effects from the machining system which makes the material expense a lot lower than plywood and solid wood.


MDF sheets are accessible off-the-rack in more than 100 distinct thicknesses, beginning from 2mm and going straight up to 60mm. The far-reaching number of choices accessible makes it extremely simple to get the thickness of “wood” that is expected for the current application.

Smooth surface and cuts

MDF is squeezing incredibly minimally during the assembling system with enormous steel plates, which makes the general sheet very level and smooth. This makes MDF ideal for painting, covering, or joining the facade. Whenever sheets are cut to size, the edges stay smooth, while on solid wood or plywood the edges can fragment or have voids because of the natural knots and grain in the wood.

Less wrapping issues

Dissimilar to solid wood, MDF will have serious areas of strength for stay regions where there is high humidity and moisture. Also, this is because MDF can reliably recoil and extend without the various pieces of the grain neutralizing one another.

Consistent material

However, MDF doesn’t have a directional grain like plywood and solid wood which makes it ideal if you’re cutting intricate details subtleties, or trim; different materials would splinter or the cut won’t be as smooth.

Disadvantages of cut-to-size MDF

Ugly raw material

Also Solid wood is famous for its shocking regular excellence. This isn’t the most attractive regular tone and misses the mark on character and elements tracked down in solid wood and plywood.

MDF absorbs water

However, it absorbs water quickly because of the exceptionally fine fibers inside the board, which can make the MDF enlarge and step by step lose its underlying properties.

Weak Material

MDF lacks the directional grain that gives solid wood and plywood their strength and structural integrity. Even though a ton of racking and cupboards are make from MDF, they require a strong timber edge to provide support or must be fix in a manner to guarantee it doesn’t droop over the long run.

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